The birth problem in Spain: How to solve it?
Collapsing birth rates and an aging population are the hallmarks of many Western countries. Spain is one of the countries with the highest risk in the world. Its consequences will be very negative for the economy.
The reality is that in Spain there is a very important birth deficit, it is a serious problem for society and yet it is the least attention paid to it, since the institutions do not apply the appropriate measures to promote births. What risks does it pose for the Spanish economy?
The decrease in the number of people of working age is the main problem that the low birth rate will bring. If there are not enough young people, it will be increasingly difficult to pay the pensions of an aging population. If this trend continues, the amount of pensions would run the risk of undergoing changes in the future, just as the probability that social benefits and the Welfare State would go bankrupt would increase.
To avoid a further decline in the birth rate, there should be measures to help family stability. In this sense, one of the main problems that citizens see to reconcile their personal and professional life, is working hours, since it is incompatible to work more than eight hours a day and assume the responsibility of having children. For this reason, comprehensive policies to support the family could be implemented, for example by implementing a reduction in the working day that allows workers to have greater flexibility, so that parents can reconcile their working hours with their children's school hours. . In Sweden they have already experienced these measures and their result has been positive, as employees are being more productive with fewer working hours and this reduction in working hours is allowing citizens more time for their family and personal responsibilities.
In addition to conciliation, families also need financial support to be able to meet the many expenses. Germany has aid to promote the birth rate and each child who lives and is registered in the European country receives 184 euros per month until the age of 18, while in Spain the amount is 100 euros for three years. In France, which like the Scandinavian countries began to have this problem 20 years ago, they have seriously proposed to solve it. The French State pays French mothers who want to add a leave of absence to their maternity leave. These are some examples of European countries that invest money in boosting the birth rate of their country.
Now we have to wait for the State to apply effective measures so that the Spanish population does not stand out due to its aging and improves the reconciliation of work and family life.
Western countries are the ones with a much lower birth rate. Among them, Spain is one of the countries where the fewest births occur per thousand inhabitants. We leave you this graph where we can see the birth rate of all the countries in the world.