Abigeo is a legal expression that refers to a person who commits a specific crime, which is stealing in this case won.

Where does this expression that defines this specific crime come from? This expression has its origin in Roman law, where it was defined by one of the most important Roman jurists, Domicio Ulpiano. He defined himself then as a thief of beasts.

Centuries later, this meaning is found in a dictionary from 1611 and it was defined as the person who gets cattle to go after him to steal and lock them up.

Therefore, the cattle rustler is the natural person who commits a crime, the rustler. Already in the XXI century, it is not only the theft of cattle, it means, that person who without using force or weapons gets the cattle to follow him and thus can take them to another place. Now, the cattle ranch also talks about the theft of cattle, that is, the use of force or weapons.

Characteristics of the cattle rustler

The main characteristics of the cattle rustler are:

  • Horse riding is not the crime but the perpetrator of the crime of horse riding.
  • Only natural persons can be abigeo.
  • Rustling is a Roman crime and especially widely used in the nineteenth century.
  • It can be punished in ancient times with the death penalty.
  • It will only be considered livestock when cattle are stolen or stolen, and therefore companion animals (cats, dogs, and even some characteristic livestock animal that is not exploited or used for those purposes) will not be included in this meaning.
  • The rustler is the author of this crime and will be condemned by the rules of criminal law since his action is a crime and will not go through civil channels.
  • Not all criminal codes have this figure for not understanding this theft or robbery as a specific crime.

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