The acquittal is the judicial declaration by which the not guilt of a natural or legal person is determined.
This acquittal is usually dictated through a sentence by the judges and courts. However, it can also be acquitted in cases brought through administrative records of some procedure with the treasury, for example.
To declare someone acquitted brings cause in religion. During confession, after having exposed sins to the religious figure, he absolves of sins. Although it is true that this meaning is different from the legal one. This ecclesiastical acquittal refers more to a pardon than to a plea of not guilty.
The acquittal is the declaration of not guilty relative to an accusation made by another party or by the public prosecutor within a judicial conflict.
This statement puts an end to the judicial process, it can be appealed. It is not just an expression used in criminal jurisdiction. In any judicial process this expression is used by the judge when he declares the innocence of the defendant.
The opposite expression is condemnation.
Types of acquittal
There are several different types of acquittal:
- Absolution due to lack of evidence: No innocence or guilt is declared according to the account of the facts, but there is not enough evidence to convict the defendant and, therefore, he is acquitted.
- Acquittal as a result of the account of the facts: From the facts it has been inferred that the defendant is not truly the author of the facts of which he is accused.
- Acquitted in case of doubts: Although there are indications in the process that may indicate guilt, but there are doubts that do not allow to conclude with a full conviction, the option will be the acquittal of the defendant by the judge.
- Acquitted with reservation: The innocence of the defendant or defendant is declared but the plaintiff is indicated to the route to which he can go to obtain a sentence with a different sign.
Effects of acquittal
Absolution can cause the following effects:
- It ends the judicial procedure.
- In criminal proceedings if the sentence declaring the defendant acquitted is final. The same person cannot be tried for the same case and, therefore, that acquittal is perpetual with respect to the specific case.
- If a person who was in provisional prison is declared acquitted in the criminal proceeding, he must immediately be released and be compensated.
- In the civil process, if the sentence is acquittal, the merits of the matter have not been reached and this is known as acquittal.
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