Anarcho-communism is a type of anarchism characterized by the defense of a horizontal society without hierarchies, anti-parliamentary, anti-capitalist and without the existence of private property.
As with other types of anarchism, anarcho-communism is a model of political, social and economic thought based on the non-existence of private property, state control over the individual and social hierarchies.
At the same time, it considers the capitalist system an oppressive force that creates inequalities in societies and annuls the individual. At the same time, it establishes that the creation of states that take capitalist positions necessarily leads to injustice and oppression.
Taking into account its definition, this tendency is usually identified with the characteristic positions of scientific communism. This movement is formed as its ideological pillar and base of thought.
In that sense, this ideological trend is also known under other denominations such as libertarian communism or free anarchism. Of course, on the part of the critics, the adjective libertarian collides head-on with the classical liberal current.
However, anacocommunism raises its line of separation with respect to said guide in the mode of application of its theses and approaches in reality. That is, the way to put these theoretical approaches into action.
The origin of anarcho-communism is located in Europe, specifically in nuclei such as Germany, France or Great Britain hand in hand with the emergence of anarchist, socialist and communist thought.
Characteristics of anarcho-communism
As with the rest of the typologies derived from anarchism or communism, this branch raises a series of characteristics that make it different:
- It considers necessary the total elimination of all parliamentary system and state control. This responds to the need for the non-existence of social hierarchies that oppress society and take advantage of their work.
- In this sense, it advocates horizontal society as a legitimate model of social coexistence where the State is not necessary and direct democracy prevails.
- It is a nonpartisan stance in political terms. That is to say, individual freedom must prevail over collective freedom according to its assumptions, organizing itself voluntarily in community groups.
- However, it establishes the common social property of the means of production, as opposed to private property. In this sense, it understands the State as a lesser evil that must organize said media but without implying an element of repressive social control. It is precisely in the ownership of the means of production, where it collides with the classical liberalism that we have mentioned in previous paragraphs.
An important nuance of this trend is the elimination of monetary systems, considering unnecessary salary models or strict professional groups.
It understands that each worker must have the ability to freely develop the work that he considers appropriate without restricting himself to a hierarchical labor sector and based on particularities or needs.
The anarcho-communist position focuses on rising social changes, such as the fight against climate change, sustainable development and the defense of feminism on the social, political and economic map. In addition, it is very present in other movements against globalization.
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