Anti-system is an adjective attributed to any movement, group or person that is against the established order or status quo. This can apply to the economic, social or political system.

In other words, anti-system is anyone who is against the system established in society, which can be democracy, capitalism, globalization or another.

In any case, if we take the broadest sense of the term, anti-system is the one that opposes the imposed order, regardless of which one it is.

Therefore, in a country with a communist system, a capitalist is an anti-system, but in a country with economic freedoms, an anti-system would be a person with communist ideas.

Types of anti-system movements

With anti-system we can refer to a wide variety of movements that are not necessarily linked or have a unified ideology. We will describe some of them below.

  • Anti-globalization: It is a set of social movements that coincided, towards the end of the 20th century, in criticizing the globalization process, arguing that it favors the creation of jobs with precarious conditions and an economic growth that is not sustainable. The latter is mainly related to the environmental issue, due to the impact generated by economic activities, particularly those that extract natural resources.
  • Anticapitalism: It groups together a series of ideologies contrary to capitalism, so they seek to abolish it or modify some of its foundations. Thus, we find:
    • Socialism: Socialism is an economic and social system that focuses its ideological bases on the defense of collective property against the concept of private property.
    • Marxism: Argues that the means of production (capital goods) must be common property (of the State) and not private property because this causes an unequal system where the proletariat is exploited by the capitalist, who would or would appropriate the
    • Social democracy: It does not seek to eliminate capitalism, but to design an economic system where private property is respected, but that is more fair, applying, for example, taxes to people with more income and then redistributing what is collected among those who have less.
  • Anarchism: It is a socio-political model that is based on the non-existence of a form of state or imposed government. Thus, the role of the individual in the organization of a particular territory and their ability to associate are prioritized.
  • Anti-imperialism: It is a current that opposes the political and / or economic subordination of one country to another. It is usually used to refer to the US intervention in other countries.

However, not everything is black and white. In other words, the socialist or capitalist ideology can be shared without being an anti-system.

Anti-system in the collective ideology

In the collective ideology, the term anti-system is usually linked to social protests which are usually always linked by a certain sector of public opinion to violent and criminal practices.

However, it is not possible to think that all the people or movements that are against the established order are going to apply violent practices or that violate public safety.

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