Environmental audit

economic-dictionary

The environmental audit or eco-audit is a discipline that analyzes and measures the effect that the activity of a company or institution has on the environment. That is, it allows us to observe the echo that the processes that develop in nature have.

The fact of carrying out an environmental audit means that an organization of any type measures, within certain parameters, the consequences that the economic exploitation that it develops has on nature.

This type of exhaustive evaluation work meets two requirements that are attached to other audit modalities. First, it identifies aspects to improve or irregularities committed by the company in this matter. And, secondly, it raises the strategies to be applied in the future to be at the required level or standard.

It ranges from the detailed control of facilities, machinery and resources used for productive work to the usual practices of the workforce, in accordance with environmental care commitments.

Characteristics of the environmental audit

Despite being an auditing tool still in the process of growth and adaptation to the current organizational map, the environmental audit has some features to highlight:

  • It is a mechanism used by companies and institutions to highlight their progress in environmental sustainability.
  • For sectors given to a greater creation of waste or residues of all kinds (highlighting any industrial or chemical process) it serves as a valid measurement for the Public Administration.
  • Apart from the compliance standards imposed by different legislation on pollution, it also allows companies to voluntarily offer a more aware image of the ecosystem and, therefore, transmit to the public a series of brand values.
  • This type of audit must also be carried out periodically, due to the necessary follow-up that the study of the effects caused on a particular ecosystem requires.

Environmental auditing and its expansion today

With the strong growth of interest in caring for the environment, renewable energies and sustainability, companies and institutions from all over the planet have begun to approach their activity integrating an eco-sustainable point of view.

The result of this is the inclusion of multiple initiatives in its corporate social responsibility projects, such as conducting environmental audits.

At a higher economic level, large companies and even states have begun to integrate the content of the so-called circular economy into their policies and strategies.

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