International aid is that which is carried out from one country to another. It is done on a voluntary basis and through different models of practice, for example, an NGO or local government.
International aid is given between two countries. One of them is the donor and the other is the beneficiary. The usual thing is that it is carried out between countries with different needs. Typically, developed countries tend to volunteer help to those that are developing.
Many of these aid are intended for underdeveloped countries that need to meet certain needs, since the population has few resources and tools to move forward and progress economically.
Origin of international aid
The origin of this term and its implementation arises after the Second World War. From then on, different acts and interventions have been deployed with the aim of putting into practice the so-called international aid. The most outstanding novelty is that it is the developed countries that, in a voluntary and accessible way, send resources of different kinds to the underdeveloped countries so that they can advance towards greater economic and vital progress.
The Marshall Plan, which was carried out in 1946, is an example of the implementation of this type of aid. It was then determined that US funds would be sent to the worst affected countries in Europe to be reactivated after the postwar period. This aid was made up of economic, human and structural resources.
Different lines and programs have been launched to boost international aid and regulate these activities. For example, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has implemented a committee focused on the activities carried out by donor countries.
The International Development Cooperation (CID) has also been established, whose main objective is to indicate the capital and the different resources that industrial countries have to help those that do not have these structures.
It must be borne in mind that international aid is not only given in the context of developed countries to other developing countries in terms of resources, but it can also be given in other areas. For example, help to solve armed conflicts, generate cooperation alliances in economic matters, or collaborate in social aspects that generate greater social well-being.
Why is international aid important?
These are the most prominent reasons why international aid is important:
- There are territories that continually live with difficulties. For example, they do not have structures and supplies for basic vital needs, and they do not have medical assistance or education. For this reason, developed countries become aware of this situation and intervene voluntarily, offering help to alleviate and lessen this problem. This, through plans and activities aimed at access to water, the creation of houses, education plans and the teaching of working techniques. Thus, it is intended that these countries advance progressively.
- Reducing the gap that exists in inequality between countries in social and economic aspects is another of the benefits that exist when international aid is put into practice.
- The improvement of climatic and environmental conditions is something fundamental for any country in the world. Climate change is a fact. There is a great problem regarding this issue that affects the whole world. Collaboration and assistance between countries to alleviate this and seek joint solutions will be extremely important.
- When war conflicts occur, international aid is also launched. An example of this is the Marshall Plan that we have previously mentioned. Armed conflicts are prolonged in time and emergency international aid is an oxygen cylinder for many countries that suffer from it. It is not only intended to be something specific, but activities are carried out for those affected, as well as other actions planned to prevent this type of problem.
What is the purpose of international aid?
There are various objectives in relation to international aid. Here are some examples:
- Seek alliances in the face of war conflicts so that these are extinguished and the affected countries can rebuild.
- Help developing countries to obtain tools and resources with which they can have the most fundamental needs for the human being.
- Solve problems that are global in nature such as climate change.