A citizen of a State is considered to be a person who has civil and political rights within the territory and is considered as such.
Citizen, is one who is part of the political and organized community to which he belongs. Depending on the state you are in, you will have a greater or lesser amount of rights and freedoms. In democratic countries, the amount of political rights and civil liberties available to the citizen is maximum (or should be).
Given that citizens are holders of rights, and that irregular immigrants do not possess all or part of these rights, all persons who inhabit a State can be considered as citizens. But only to natives, to those who have nationality, or are not legal immigrants.
Origin of the citizen concept
The concept of citizen begins to appear and to be studied in Ancient Greece. For Aristotle, the citizen was that person who had a series of requirements and was also obliged to participate in public life. Women, foreigners, illiterate and minors were not citizens. Therefore, citizenship was restricted to Athenian males over the age of twenty.
In Rome, citizenship was also very restricted. On the one hand, there were free men, with the total status of citizen. Below, were those belonging to the territories conquered by the Empire, they were citizens but with limited rights, women belonged to a different class. And finally, slaves were not citizens, but property, although they could be freed.
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen
In 1789, a consequence of the French Revolution, the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen was approved. Declaration that ends the Old Regime and places man and common people on a par with the privileged institutions that operated up to that time. The articles of the declaration consolidate principles such as freedom, equality or security.
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