Collectivism

economic-dictionary

Collectivism is a doctrine that proposes a social, political and economic system where the means of production must be in the hands of the State or the community, that is, they must be common goods.

This current of thought then implies that the distribution of goods and services is controlled from a central power.

Seen from a broader point of view, as a moral and philosophical position, collectivism prioritizes the well-being of the group. This, in opposition to the interests of the individual.

The opposite of collectivism is individualism. This doctrine gives more importance to the interests and desires of the person, putting them above any imposed social or state order.

Marx and collectivism

The well-known thinker Karl Marx proposed that the means of production be controlled by the government. This, because they are the source of the capital gain.

For Marx, surplus value is the surplus generated by the labor of which the capitalist appropriates. Thus, at the cost of keeping the working class low-income, the owners of the means of production would enrich themselves.

From the thought of Marx, all the socialist doctrine that promotes the intervention of the State to control economic activities is born.

Criticism of collectivism

Collectivism can be shown as a way to achieve greater equity and social justice. However, by leaving aside the individual interest for the collective, freedom must be renounced in many respects.

What collectivism would then do would be to subjugate the individual to a group, to what is called the common good.

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