European Economic and Social Committee (EESC)


The European Economic and Social Committee, whose acronym is EESC, is a European representative body. This is in charge of highlighting the interests of workers and businessmen from across the continent, as well as other interest groups on the continent.

This multinational organization originated in 1957, thanks to the Treaty of Rome. Its headquarters are in Brussels.

In it, important organizations representing sectors, as well as institutions, come together to defend their interests. It is attended by representatives of industry, agriculture, consumer groups, civil society, trade unions and employers from all over Europe.

Organization of the EESC

The governments of each of the member countries elect their representatives (according to their number of inhabitants), who occupy their position in this institution for renewable periods of five years and under appointment by the Council of the Union. The number of annual meetings is usually close to ten.

The committee's configuration therefore consists of 350 members. All of them representing each of the member countries of the European Union. Spain, for example, currently has up to 21 representatives in this organization.

In addition to having a president, it is necessary to carry out the appointment every two and a half years of two vice presidents. Regarding the organization of the council, we would talk about the existence of the plenary session, the table, three groups (for employers, workers and various activities), six sections (directed to each area of ‚Äč‚ÄčEuropean action) and a general secretariat. Its mission, therefore, is to be a bridge between the Union's political leadership through its institutions and the hard-working and entrepreneurial European citizen.

Functions of the European Economic and Social Committee

Although it has a high level of independence, it acts under the tutelage of the European Union. In this way, its main function is to prepare reports or opinions for other bodies such as the European Commission, the Council of the EU or the European Parliament. Sometimes these publications are commissioned by these organizations or on the EESC's own initiative.

These are its main functions:

  • Offer the point of view of European civil society: Through the groups dedicated to working and business life, the decisions and legislation undertaken by the EU.
  • Giving a voice to workers and businessmen from across the continent: Promoting dialogue with institutions and the creation of a more choral, democratic and participatory Union.
  • Maintain contact with the homologous bodies in each region of the Union: In order to collect information from each country.

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