Diaspora

economic-dictionary

Diaspora refers to the phenomenon by which a certain population or community migrates from its territory of origin to other different ones.

In its origin, it was a term referred to the Jews regarding their exodus from Israel, but it applies to all the exodus of communities that have taken place throughout history. In addition, the Jewish people have been one of the most abused and forced into exile groups.

The Jewish diaspora

The first expulsion of the Jewish people dates from the 6th century BC. when the Babylonian king, Nebuchadnezzar II, invaded Jerusalem and deported high-ranking Jewish leaders. Years later the city was recovered again.

The second diaspora occurred under the Roman Empire, the Jewish people then went into exile towards Palestine. Subsequently, and at different times, exiles of the Jewish population continued to occur, especially when they were expelled from Judea after the Bar Kochba rebellion. It was then when they began to settle in all the countries of the world. In fact, practically all countries have Jewish population centers.

The Sephardic diaspora

This episode occurred in 1492, after the completion of the reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula by the Catholic Monarchs. The expulsion of the Jews was decreed, unless they made their conversion to Christianity. The diaspora caused the Sephardim to settle in different European and North African countries.

Other diasporas

In addition to the diasporas of the Jewish people, which are the origins of the term, there have been other important ones. One of them was Spanish, after the Civil War of 1936, a large number of Galicians and Basques emigrated to Spanish-speaking countries on the American continent.

In Cuba, after the victory of Fidel Castro's Cuban Revolution in 1959, more than a million people were also forced into exile, mainly to the US coast of Miami.

Since the Bolivarian regime of Hugo Chávez and Nicolás Maduro settled in Venezuela, numerous citizens have been forced to leave the country. According to UNHCR, there are about five million Venezuelans in exile, mainly due to the crisis that the country has been going through for years. The destination countries are predominantly neighboring or nearby countries, but also others such as Spain or the United States.

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