Diplomacy

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Diplomacy is the set of actions carried out between States and their representatives, in the context of international relations.

Diplomacy is the branch of international relations in charge of negotiating and establishing peaceful agreements and procedures between countries. But it is not only limited to the States, but these relationships also appear with other organisms and organizations.

In the study of international relations, many authors have defined this concept. Some in a broader and more extensive way; others narrowing down the meaning of the term.

The most complete and useful definition is that made by the jurist Eduardo Vilariño: “diplomacy is that activity that executes the foreign policy of a subject of international law, carried out by bodies and persons duly representative of the same, before another or other subjects of international law for, through negotiation, to achieve, maintain or transactionally strengthen peace; The ultimate goal must be to make possible, with such means, the construction or existence of a just international community that, through cooperation, allows the full development of the peoples ”.

Characteristics of diplomacy

From the previous definition, we can extract the characteristics related to the concept of diplomacy:

  • Execute foreign policy: Through diplomacy, an international entity develops all activities that take place outside its borders.
  • It is carried out by representatives of the subject: A State itself, is moved by officials and other types of personnel, these are the ones who carry out the tasks that the government assigns them.
  • Negotiation: It is the weapon used by the diplomats described above in the exercise of their functions. Through negotiation, it is sought to establish mutual collaborative relationships.
  • Peace as a fundamental value: These relations and negotiations must be carried out through peaceful practices. Peace is enshrined as the means and the end pursued by diplomacy.
  • Building an international community: The ultimate goal of diplomacy is to establish an international community. That is, to develop a kind of brotherhood that encompasses all the nations of the world. This being the case, peace would be the means of solving problems and conflicts, putting aside armed practices.

The history of diplomacy

The history of diplomacy is very extensive, since its origin is very old; so that we get an idea, much like primitive political communities. This is because, when these were related to each other, it was done through diplomatic practices. In other words, diplomacy is any relationship between communities and external agents; since political communities exist, they relate to each other through diplomacy. Obviously without the professional character and techniques used in recent years.

The great shift towards diplomacy that we know is in the aftermath of World War II. The devastating consequences of the war conflict made it necessary to develop an international community, whose tools for interaction and negotiation were peaceful. The United Nations Organization was created for this purpose, in order to bring together all the nations of the planet; and, in this way, supervise that all diplomatic relations are framed within international legality.

Difference between bilateral diplomacy and multilateral diplomacy

Thus, we have to highlight the difference between these two concepts, as they are not the same.

While multilateral diplomacy is defined as those relations between countries, in international organizations and conferences, and with the aim of addressing common issues. Bilateral diplomacy, for its part, is one in which the relationship between countries occurs between two subjects. That is, between two countries. Hence its name, since multilateral refers to a multitude of countries, while with bilateral, we are referring to the existing relations between two countries.

Positions and functions of a diplomat

Diplomacy between entities and nations is carried out through numerous positions and jobs, the most relevant are the following:

  • Foreign Minister: It is the highest position within the diplomatic relations of a country. Together with the government of which it is part, they draw the lines and political and commercial strategies to follow. They develop tasks such as choosing with which countries or geographical and geopolitical blocks they are going to establish a greater relationship.
  • Ambassador: It is the person who represents a country in a different one. In other words, it watches over the interests of the State and its citizens within the borders of a different country. He is responsible for the embassy, ​​whose functions are superior to those of the consulate. Some of them are: negotiate to favor commercial and economic relations; o inform the government about relevant events in that country.
  • Consul: He is at the head of the consulate. Like the ambassador, he defends the interests of the state he represents, but has other types of tasks. Its functions are more of an administrative nature.

It should be noted that, both in embassies and consulates, not only the ambassador and the consul work. Rather, they have a complete diplomatic team whose functions are well defined. And whose objective is to ensure the political, economic and commercial interests of the country they represent.

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