Discrimination in the work area
Labor discrimination is a phenomenon that occurs when a person who works within a company or institution is treated differently from other workers.
Indeed, any different treatment that a person receives from the moment of the hiring process carried out by a company is considered discriminatory. As well as in the promotion and promotions phase, but also during the environment of the execution of the working day.
In the same way, labor discrimination can affect workers' wages, their labor rights and could even cause them moral damage.
Most frequent discrimination factors
The most frequent factors of employment discrimination are the following:
1. The race
On the one hand, this type of discrimination occurs when an unfavorable treatment is given to a worker or a job applicant because of their belonging to a particular race.
Of course, in this case the color of the skin, the texture of the hair or certain physical characteristics that a person possesses can be considered exclusive.
Gender discrimination is based on the physical and biological differences that distinguish men from women. In this sense, they could be demands such as weight and build to perform a particular type of work.
It can also be due to social differences that occur between both genders. For example, the privilege of better wages or the granting of better positions for men, in relation to the benefits that a woman can obtain.
Religion can be another excluding factor, since all religion implies having a set of particular values and beliefs. Therefore, when a person belongs to a different religion, they may not be able to adapt to the form of the organization of the work of a company.
We can give as an example, a sabbatista who wants to join a company that works on Saturdays, would affect the practice of their beliefs.
Consequently, this factor can cause both younger and inexperienced people, especially those under 25 years of age, to be rejected when they apply for certain job positions. They may also be affected with the lower salary remuneration, because they do not have the necessary experience.
In addition, people over 40 are also rejected on many occasions because both their pensions and social security are more expensive for companies.
When people are affected by a disability they have a greater problem in opting for a job.
However, many of them could perform adequately in a job and achieve full integration. As long as the companies adapt the physical work space according to the disability.
6. Sexual orientation
It turns out that sexual orientation is another factor that affects employment discrimination. But it should be noted that the work capabilities of any person have nothing to do with their sexual orientation.
7. Personal circumstances
Finally, this section includes elements such as certain types of diseases that affect a person such as AIDS. Women who are pregnant or have many children, because companies believe they would neglect their job responsibilities or be less productive.
Most frequent discrimination factors
What are the effects of employment discrimination?
Job discrimination can cause the following effects:
- Decreased self-esteem of workers.
- Make workers less productive.
- Greater staff turnover.
- Increase in labor disputes.
- Complaints against companies.
- Bad image of the company.
In short, all discrimination is unjustified. The only thing that companies should consider is whether the person has the necessary skills and abilities to perform the position for which they are required. Therefore, they should not apply any exclusion criteria that is irrational and in any case unjustified.