Hydroelectric power

economic-dictionary

Hydropower is a form of electricity generation. This consists of taking advantage of the energy created as a result of moving large amounts of water.

The main utility of hydroelectric energy is to carry out the generation of electrical power through the use of water.

Through various processes, this energy modality takes advantage of the energy generated by moving or manipulating large amounts of water.

For its exploitation, this type of energy requires different resources and infrastructures. In this way, the construction of reservoirs and dams that can contain large amounts of water to be used is common.

Based on the above, hydroelectric plants are built in these environments with the mission of generating various generative processes.

At the same time, energy storage systems will be necessary to collect the energy produced.

Characteristics of hydroelectric power

This type of energy generation has some characteristics that distinguish it from other types of energy:

  • Circular character: The energy from hydroelectric processes is renewable and respectful with the environment.
  • Civil works: This type of electricity generation requires large facilities and infrastructures for the treatment of water and its start-up for the creation of electrical impulses.
  • Specific machinery: The transformation of kinetic energy derived from the movement of water into electricity is carried out by means of technology such as turbines. These slow down the water and the transformation created activates electrical generators.
  • Large physical extension: For the correct development of electricity generation systems based on water, it is necessary to have large extensions of land. To take advantage of the waterfall or height and the flow of the water, large surfaces and heights are required in which to treat the dammed.
  • Relative costs: Although this energy involves high costs for its implementation, once the hydroelectric power plant is created, the cost of production is low. This is possible thanks to the almost total use of the energy created.

The amount of energy developed will have to do directly with variables such as speed or elevation.

In other words, it will be possible to generate a greater amount of electrical energy in those processes that involve the fall of a large amount of water to a significant height. The more speed and impact, the more energy generated.

The possibility of taking advantage of the same water flow over and over again in successive repetitions of the process places hydroelectric energy as a green and renewable option.

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