Ergonomics is the science that studies how tools and work environments should be designed. This, so that the work space is adequately adapted to the physical and mental capacities and limitations of the employee.
When applying the knowledge of ergonomics, it is sought then that the worker does not suffer injuries due to the postures, movements or force carried out during the working day.
Viewed another way, the purpose of ergonomics is to reduce health risks in the workspace. That way, the employee will stay more motivated and possibly even more productive. Likewise, health absenteeism should be reduced.
Another approach by which ergonomics can be understood is as a discipline that applies the knowledge of biology. This, so that labor and technology are coupled in the development of an economic activity, ensuring human well-being.
Therefore, it is considered that ergonomics is an interdisciplinary science that requires knowledge of human anatomy, physics, engineering, mechanics, among others. Thus, it involves the participation of health professionals (such as physicians and physical therapists), but also those who design the work tools.
Some applications of ergonomics can be:
- Provide the worker with a chair with ergonomic characteristics that, among other things, allows the computer screen to be viewed without the need to lift their head. In addition, the feet must always be flat on the ground.
- Another important issue is lighting, so you don't have to strain your eyes to read.
- If the worker must perform a very important physical task, such as a stevedore, the company must ensure that he has the necessary tools for his work, such as a belt to lift weight.
- Train workers on stretching or exercises they can do from their seats to avoid injuries, hernias, and other health problems caused by poor posture.
Importance of ergonomics
The development of ergonomics has benefits for both workers and the company.
For the former, it allows the development of a productive activity not to generate damage to health, such as injuries or illnesses, in the short or long term. For their part, with healthier and more motivated employees, companies will have a more productive workforce, even if they have had to make an investment.
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