Political globalization

economic-dictionary

Political globalization is the process by which regulations are created that achieve global reach. Thus, a large part of the countries of the world undertake to follow certain guidelines.

Seen in another way, political globalization is a phenomenon by which international mechanisms and institutions emerge to which more and more nations decide to join. They then promise to follow certain norms, for example, regarding respect for human rights.

Political globalization goes hand in hand with social globalization, which is the process by which all the people of the world seek the recognition of the same rights.

Likewise, we must not overlook the key role of technology that makes remote communication possible in real time. This has an impact on political globalization because in the event that a country breaches, for example, its international commitments, this will spread instantly.

Some examples of political globalization are the United Nations (UN), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Organization of American States (OAS).

Advantages of political globalization

Political globalization mainly has the following advantages:

  • It allows countries to cooperate to combat common problems such as poverty, global warming or malnutrition.
  • Diplomatic solutions to conflicts between countries can be sought through international organizations.
  • Thanks to political globalization, there are international bodies to which citizens can turn if their rights are violated. This can be extremely important, for example, if an act of genocide by a government takes place against its own people. Faced with these situations we have entities such as the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.
  • By being under the scrutiny of the international community, the risk of authoritarianism will be reduced. At this point, let us remember that electoral processes usually have foreign observers.
Advantages and disadvantages of globalization

Disadvantages of political globalization

However, political globalization also has some disadvantages:

  • By assuming international agreements, countries renounce part of their sovereignty. In other words, the Government does not have a free hand to apply measures that go against the previously signed agreements.
  • Continuing with the above, the loss of sovereignty could generate the discontent of a sector of the population. This happens mainly in contexts of economic or political crisis, and can end up leading to the emergence of nationalist movements.
  • It may happen that the countries with greater economic and political power achieve greater influence in international organizations, imposing their agenda and their conditions. However, it is assumed that all countries affiliated to a supranational entity should have representation in it, counting, in theory, with voice and vote.
Cultural globalization

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