An illicit act or action is one that is contrary to a law, a written norm and contained in a code of laws and which in turn is contrary to morality, justice and equity.
Unlike an illegal act, an illegal act not only goes against the regulations contained in a code, but also has ethical or moral overtones. In fact, the reason why it is included in the law is because it is immoral or it is not according to justice.
An example would be a rule that says: Killing is prohibited. Not only will it be illegal but it is motivated by moral overtones and the idea of justice.
It happens the same as with illegal acts and illegal actions will be punished with their corresponding sanction, also included in a rule.
If a rule says; They cannot have sexual relations with minors and if they do, they will be punished with a prison sentence of 5 years.
If sexual relations are had with a minor, this will be illegal and unlawful and will have its consequence that will be a prison sentence of 5 years.
The term illegal can be confused with illegitimate or illicit, for this we are going to differentiate these three figures:
Types of illicit
The types of illegal are:
A. Illicit criminal: Behavior that is tried to avoid by the ordinance by imposing a penalty (fine or deprivation of liberty). It is the action that a person does and constitutes a crime because an attempt has been made against life, property, physical integrity, etc. Its consequence is punitive.
B. Unlawful civil: Behaviors that do not constitute crimes, but that have caused harm to another person and it is your obligation to repair that damage. Its consequence is restorative.