Unconsciousness is a quality or mental state that affects a person. The unconscious is a widely used concept in the field of psychology. It is used when a person develops behaviors that go unnoticed, even by the person himself. That is, these actions do not depend on the will of the individual.

Talking about the unconscious, or state of unconsciousness, is not an easy task. And we are talking about a term that refers to what happens at the mental level, but goes unnoticed by the subject himself, who is not aware, never better said, of it. In the field of psychology, as well as in the different types of psychology that compose it, they use this term a lot.

To get an idea, let's imagine when a person touches our face, or intends to do so, and, unconsciously, we close our eyes. Our brain, seeing the threat, was in charge of ordering the eyes to close, without having to consider the action to take.

Sigmund Freud builds on, and uses this concept as a fundamental basis for his theories.

The human being performs actions or behaviors conscious or unconscious. In the former he is present, becomes aware of what he is doing or has previously planned to execute it.

When talking about unconscious behaviors, the person executes them automatically without realizing that they are happening. For example, when we are breathing.

On other occasions, this term is referring to a person who acts recklessly, without measuring the consequences of their actions, as well as their risk. Also, it refers to a person who has lost consciousness and, therefore, cannot perceive what surrounds him.

How does the unconscious work?

Thus, the unconscious works in the following way:

  • The unconscious records and saves every detail regarding the situations we experience daily. It is like the hard drive of a computer, where everything is stored.
  • Thoughts, sensations, emotions, or experiences are stored in the unconscious. And all this, without the subject knowing.
  • That information that is recorded serves as the basis for our mind to react to certain situations. For example, if with the information registered in the unconscious our mind evaluates that a situation is dangerous, the necessary mechanisms will be activated to act accordingly. Let us remember the case of the eyes, described above.
  • The mind does not distinguish from whether something is real or not. For example, when we imagine an unpleasant situation, feelings and memories similar to those that occurred at that time are relived.
  • The unconscious does not make value judgments and is always connected to the present.
  • The unconscious identifies with the self, not with what happens to others, but with the experiences that one lives.

The unconscious according to Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud, a neurologist, is considered the father of psychoanalysis. Freud, as well as his theories, have been studied over the years and are still valid.

During his career, he was charged with investigating and exploring the minds of his patients, including that of his daughter Anna Freud.

According to Freud, his patients were victims of their memories, especially in reference to the sexual issue and that these were in the subconscious.

He was highly criticized for this by professionals in the sector, at the same time that he began to elaborate his theories about dreams in relation to psychoanalysis.

«It is the largest circle that includes, within itself, the smallest circle of the conscious; every conscious has its preliminary step in the unconscious, while the unconscious can stop with this step and still claim full value as a psychic activity ”, Freud related.

With these words, Sigmund Freud defined the unconscious. Referring to his theory, he poses the unconscious as a composition of rational and emotional elements that are repressed because they are a problem for the conscious mind.

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