Masculinity index

economic-dictionary

The masculinity index is an indicator of proportionality, which measures the number of men for every 100 women in a region, country or continent.

The masculinity index is due to different factors such as biological, political, social, cultural, historical and economic.

This indicator is studied because it provides relevant data regarding gender demographics.

Importance of calculating the masculinity index

Thanks to the knowledge of the masculinity index, it is possible to have a detail regarding the proportion of male inhabitants, from which decisions can be made in both the public and private sectors. Here are some examples of what is presented.

There may be a higher masculinity index due to the development of some economic activity. Although it is true that women have increased their presence in the labor market, there are still some sectors with a greater propensity for the male sex, such as the mining industry, the provision of transport services, among others. This can shed light on gender accessibility for some jobs.

Another example is the case in which a lower masculinity index is explained by a propensity for suicides in relation to those of women, this occurs in America and Europe. Which according to the experts takes place by events that occur in adulthood such as the break with the partner, financial problems or loss of employment. In many cases, there is social pressure for the male sex, which urges them to manage an image of strength, competitiveness, autonomy and independence, and in the face of the aforementioned conflicts they perceive that they are exceeded. That is why these phenomena are studied by the "Coordination Center for Suicide Prevention of the World Health Organization (WHO)".

Likewise, the age of the analyzed population is also another element that the masculinity indicator allows to know about a population. For example, if a sample of people over 80 is analyzed, it is possible to observe that, in general terms, the masculinity index is lower. This is due to female longevity. Which puts the magnifying glass on this issue so that health prevention measures are taken for the male sex in the third age.

However, the masculinity index in an entity influences the consumption behavior of men, especially in regions where monogamy prevails. For example, when the masculinity index is high, there is competition and rivalry to find a partner. Therefore, there is a greater propensity for men without a partner to increase their individual debt, products that improve their appearance and everything to maintain a status that allows them to find themselves in the possibility of finding a partner. This is taken advantage of by companies that sell products or services consumed by the male sex.

Calculation of the masculinity index

The way the calculation can be carried out is by the following formula:

IM = (PM / PF) * 100

Where:

MI = masculinity index.

PM = Male population in a given period within a population.

PF = Female population in a given period within a population.

Example of masculinity index

If in population "X", there are a total of 130 men, while there are a total of 200 women and it is desired to calculate the masculinity index. Then:

IM =?

PM = 130

FP = 200

MI = (130/200) * 100 = 65%

This indicates that there is a low rate of masculinity. In other words, for every 100 women there are only 65 men.

Tags:  Commerce administration banking 

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