Scientific report


A scientific report is a document whose purpose is to express scientific information to third parties. Information that is extracted after the investigation carried out by an investigator.

A scientific report, therefore, is a document whose purpose is to be able to communicate a series of information. This information, as the name suggests, addresses a topic related to science. This type of report, therefore, has the objective of transmitting scientific information to third parties, as well as contributing to the development of knowledge and science. Information that, incidentally, is based on research carried out by a researcher; usually related to the academic world.

The scientific report tries to express the information obtained after an investigation.

Its publication requires a scientific and formal language.

Characteristics of the scientific report

In order to better understand what a scientific report is, we proceed to detail those characteristics that make a report a scientific report.

Thus, among the characteristics of a scientific report, the following should be highlighted:

  • It is written in a formal language.
  • Its extension is wide.
  • The reading includes scientific evidence that supports the hypothesis.
  • The reading is supported by graphics and illustrations.
  • It is usually developed on a specific scientific topic.
  • Shows the results obtained on that topic.
  • The results must be valid and reliable.
  • They have the mission of bringing knowledge to the academic world.
  • You must maintain some publication rules.
  • Do not use irony or humorous expressions.

Structure of a scientific report

The sections that make up a scientific report are detailed below. Although its publication sometimes depends on factors related to the magazine or the organization, the following list shows a generic representation of those elements that it must include.

The parts of a scientific report, therefore, are the following:

  • Title and authors.
  • Abstract or summary.
  • Introduction and existing literature.
  • Methodology and techniques used.
  • Results.
  • Discussion.
  • Conclusions and recommendations.
  • References and bibliography.

Recommendations for the writing of a scientific report

If we want to produce a scientific report, below are a series of recommendations that could help the reader to write such a report.

  • Structure the central idea, and define it well.
  • Use words that do not confuse the reader.
  • Be accurate and objective in your data.
  • Include graphics and illustrations that support the text.
  • Separate the writing into short paragraphs that do not make it difficult to read.
  • The language used, while being simple, must be formal and rigorous.

Scientific report example

In order for the reader to understand what we are referring to by scientific report, here are some everyday examples in which scientific reports are shown.

Among these examples, the following should be highlighted:

  • Final degree or career project.
  • Master's final project.
  • Doctoral thesis

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