Labor, in politics, refers to an ideological aspect of the United Kingdom and other countries that could be related to the concept of social democracy.
Therefore, we are talking about left-wing political thinking. That is to say, among other characteristics, it makes the intervention of the State prevail in the economy, social policies and the welfare state.
Its main political arm is the Labor parties.
The Trade Unions, the British trade unions, were consolidated in the 19th century, and with them did the Labor Party and ideological Labor. In other countries, the left-wing parties took the initiative in the demands, but, in this case, the transmission was from the union to the party.
Regarding the British Labor Party, they moderated their speech towards a social democracy. In this way, they left the proletarian revolution behind, focusing on promoting an English welfare state. Thus, the movement ended up placing itself in the center-left, in reformism.
Difference between labor and socialism
We must not confuse Labor with Socialism, although both drink, to some extent, of similar principles.
The first arises from an apolitical labor movement that does not criticize free enterprise and that seeks agreement and not conflict.
Socialism starts from Marxist theory and from the class struggle. For this reason, although it had to be integrated into most states, it tends to have a more vindictive tendency. A clear example is the difference between the English Labor Party and the Spanish Socialist Party.
Labor parties in the world
In closing, let's look at some of the labor parties in the world. We are going to summarize some of his main ideas.
- English Labor Party: We have already talked about this when we mentioned the history of this thought. Its position is of the center-left, with a certain closeness to socioliberalism and democratic socialism.
- Argentine Labor Party: It was created in 1945 and was the political arm of the labor movement in that country. Its main leader was Juan Domingo Perón.
- Norwegian Labor Party: We are facing a social democratic ideology and the main party in Norway. He was the creator of the welfare state and over time also accepted some principles of the social market economy with some economic liberalization.
- Israeli Labor Party: This party belongs to the moderate left, it is Zionist and its political tendency is located in the Social Democracy. On the other hand, he is a member of the Socialist International. One of its main leaders was Levi Eshkol.
- Mexican Labor Party: Founded by Luis N. Morones, a union leader, it is the political spleen of the Regional Mexican Workers' Confederation. Its ideology is framed in socialism and nationalism. In the 1920s it was the most powerful party in the country.
- Labor Party (Spain): In this case we are not dealing with a specific party but a series of them that used this name at various times. None were related to English Labor.
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