Legislation is a set of norms and laws that regulate the relationships between the people of a country or a certain sector.

Thanks to the legislation, a certain sector and a country as a whole can be organized. It is a set of norms and rules that make it possible to regulate and organize people's lives in certain fields. For example, one can find environmental legislation or criminal legislation (much broader).

Legislation characteristics

Some characteristics of the legislation are:

  • These are rules in force in the legal system.
  • They try to regulate the conduct and behavior of people.
  • The legislation is different in each country.
  • The constitutions are in charge of specifying how to legislate.
  • Establishes the rights and obligations of citizens.
  • Who makes the legislation is called legislator
  • The courts are in charge of enforcing the legislation.
  • Each law establishes when it comes into force and therefore when it will be applied.

The legislation observes what is prohibited, the actions that are required to be carried out, what is allowed, the pertinent sanctions, the guidelines for carrying out a specific action, the authorizations to request, etc.

Who is in charge of legislating?

The legislative power is competent to legislate. This power is elected in democratic states by citizens, because ultimately it is the citizens who dictate the norms that will later regulate and organize them.

Each State has a specific process different from the others to legislate, it depends on the unicameral or bicameral system of its parliament and on how this procedure has been established in the constitution.

Legislation types

There are hundreds of legislative bodies, but we can differentiate five large legal bodies:

  • Labor.
  • Civil.
  • Penal.
  • Administrative.
  • Trade.

But equally each sector has its own set of rules, such as the education, tourism or transport sector.

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