The environment is the set of chemical compounds, physical elements and living beings that are part of an environment. All of these interact, depending on the survival of others.

In other words, in an environment both biological or living elements coexist, such as animals and people, as well as abiotic elements. The latter can be chemical compounds or materials that do not have life.

Another point to take into account is that the environment is also made up of those artificial elements created by humans, from what can be a small cabin to a large construction.

Caring for the environment is necessary thinking in the long term. As has been warned from various academic fields, climate change, aggravated by the greater liquidation of natural resources and the use of polluting technologies, can have effects such as the disappearance of species and less vegetation.

Components of the environment

The components of the environment are:

  • Living organisms, both animals and plants. In this category, we also find bacteria, and perhaps viruses (although there is discussion about whether they can be considered as living beings).
  • Water, whether from rivers, lagoons, seas or other sources. It is an essential element for the development of life.
  • Air, where it is possible to identify the level of contamination in a space. This, due to the amount of carbon dioxide it houses.
  • Soil, which can vary according to altitude, latitude, proximity to the sea or a mountain range, among other factors.
  • Natural resources such as minerals, oil, gas, among others, which are part of nature and are exploited by humans.

Environmental care

The environment can be cared for through various measures, such as the following:

  • Reduction in the consumption of single-use plastics.
  • Avoid using the car, and instead opt for public transport, cycling, or walking.
  • Recycle, and to facilitate this, the most practical thing is to separate the garbage between organic waste and those materials that are recyclable, such as bottles and plastic bags.
  • Do not leave electronic devices connected at night if it is not essential because, even if it is not in large quantities, it consumes energy.
  • Let's not forget the three r's: reduce (energy consumption, for example), recycle (which we already mentioned) and reuse (for example, bottles, because, once the product they contain has been consumed, they can be used to store other liquids or materials).
  • Apply the circular economy. This is a production model based on sustainability and saving resources. Thus, goods are produced, consumed, but not completely discarded, but recycled to produce again, rescuing the reusable material, entering a circular life cycle.

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