Neocolonialism is the practice that some colonial powers do, over other colonized economies. Thus, through a select group of people, it is sought to hold power and control over said territory.
Neocolonialism, unlike colonialism, seeks influence indirectly. That is, the control that they seek to exercise in said colonized countries is produced through a series of people who, being residents in said country, possess the nationality of the colonizers. Well, it should be added the fact that, if you wanted to do it directly, said practice would be illegal.
In this sense, neocolonialism takes advantage of cultural imperialism, commercialism, as well as corporate globalization, to have control over certain territories.
Thus, developing countries that are colonized do not enjoy full freedom. For indirect influence imposes the practices of the colonizing country.
Many developing countries have accused those more developed economies of applying neocolonialism. Especially when you have big interests in the country.
Differences between neocolonialism and colonialism
As we were saying, neocolonialism, like many currents of political philosophy, is a current that advocates the same basic principles that colonialism advocates. However, in practice, there are nuances that make the term different, so the suffix "Neo" is added. In this sense, referring to a new colonialism.
Thus, while colonialism seeks the direct influence of the countries that are colonized, neocolonialism seeks the same, but does so with a different practice. In this sense, when the countries of the new world were colonized, the colonialists took power over those territories. All of them until, with the passage of time, they were becoming independent and showing new freedoms.
However, neocolonialism, given that these countries became independent and it would not be legal to legitimately seek power in said territory, it seeks to do it in another way. That is, making use of globalization and economic integration, seeking the presence of capital in the country to control the country, although in this case indirectly.
That is, while in colonialism, it was the crown itself that ruled the country, in neocolonialism, power is exercised by another series of figures - Lobbies or pressure groups - who emigrate to the country to exert their influence on it.
In this way, indirectly, the developed economies that practice it satisfy their interests through the indirect control provided by capital.
History of neocolonialism
Neocolonialism does not have a definite history as such, as colonialism does. However, the clear indications of where neocolonialism comes from are known, since it obviously matches the clear principles that define colonialism. In this sense, these ideas come from the colonial era. Well, the development of trade routes allowed the then developed countries to become aware of the existence of new territories. Along these lines, new territories that, after subjecting them to the economic and political system of developed economies, joined those developed countries. In this way, becoming governed by the same governments.
Thus, neo-colonialism reopens this desire in those who support it. However, the inability to control these countries due to their independence has caused an adaptation in the forms, having to do it through the economic route. In this sense, through economic globalization and commercialism, Neocolonialism tries to exert its influence in other regions. Thus, through the arrival of companies in the country and the pressure of lobbying groups that, having the nationality of said developed economy, reside in the country in which they have interests.
Thus, neocolonialism is shown as a new way of exercising colonialism, but with completely renewed practices to capture the influence sought legally.
Criticism at the end
Colonialism, as well as neocolonialism, have been practices harshly criticized by many countries and organizations. In this sense, neocolonialism has been called by many political profiles in developed economies as a practice to subdue economies that were once colonial. A submission by the economy and by the search for wealth in these countries. Countries, incidentally, very rich in raw materials, as well as a number of other inputs that are needed in other developed economies.
For this reason, neocolonialism and the direct practice of it is not very well rated publicly among the society residing in emerging economies. The harsh criticism of him has led to an extreme rejection of this type of practice, sometimes considered a violation of human rights.
Thus, neocolonialism is a practice that, in the public life of governments, is not usually recognized. Especially after the independence of the main colonized underdeveloped economies.
However, it should be added, there are clear examples of countries that still practice it with certain territories. Countries that, like Morocco, exert influence in territories that do not belong to them, as is the case with the Sahara.Cultural globalization