Combined nomenclature

Commerce

The combined nomenclature is the numerical coding system for products moving in international trade in the European Union (EU).

Through this system, the customs tariff corresponding to each merchandise that is imported and exported is established. This includes the codes of the harmonized system of the World Customs Organization (WCO) plus the subdivisions of the EU. In this sense, it is the instrument that allows the standardization of the customs process of the member states of the community.

This nomenclature consists of between 8-10 digits to identify the products. Therefore, the more numbers this code has, the more specific is the product in question. In addition, it has the following structure that determines the hierarchy and complexity of the classification:

  • Sections.
  • Chapters.
  • Games.
  • Subheadings.
  • Combined nomenclature codes.

Importance of Combined Nomenclature

The existence of a common merchandise classification system allows the standardization of foreign trade among its members. From the implementation of common tariffs to a more efficient control of the customs administration.

In this sense, it facilitates the comparison of foreign trade indicators among its members and with the rest of the world.

Combined nomenclature example

Let us assume that the Alfa company is interested in importing fresh plantains or bananas from the American continent.

The task to perform is to find the combined item in the customs tariff of the European Union. This bears the name TARIC (Integrated Tariff of the European Communities).

In principle, it should be located in the sections of the tariff, the one corresponding to vegetable products. In this sense, it is found that the second section of said tariff is "Products of the vegetable kingdom". Subsequently, we proceed to find, within the section, the chapter corresponding to edible fruits. Therefore, we proceed to discard chapters 6 and 7 corresponding to Live plants, and Food vegetables, plants, roots and tubers, respectively. Therefore, we proceed to search for the next one. Chapter 08 corresponds to «Fruits and edible fruits; peels of citrus fruits, melons or watermelons ”, which would be the one of interest.

Later, once the chapter is found, the heading to which the imported product corresponds is located. In this case, the third item is found to correspond to "Bananas, including 'plantains' (male bananas), fresh or dried." Therefore, it is necessary to determine the kind of imported banana whether it is a male banana or any other type.

Assuming it is grouped within the others, I would play the subheading for "The others." Finally, they find the combined nomenclature for these products is fresh.

Therefore, the search result would be the following:

SectionProductCode
Section IIProducts of the plant kingdom
Chapter 08Edible fruits and nuts; peels of citrus, melons or watermelons.08
Game 3Plantains (bananas), including “plantains” (plantains), fresh or dried.0803
SubheadingOthers0803.90
Code (NC / TARIC)Fresh0803.90.10

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