Orphan's pension


The orphan's pension is an economic contribution given by the State to a person who needs it due to the loss of his parents on whom he depended economically.

There are two types of orphan's pensions, the general and the absolute. The absolute orphan's pension adds the widowhood pension and the general orphan's pension.

Who are the beneficiaries of this pension?

Due to the death of the person who originates the birth of this pension, it will not be the deceased who benefits, but the children of the deceased in the following situations:

  • Minors up to 21 years.
  • Those over 21 years of age, but with a degree of absolute disability or severe disability.
  • Minors up to 25 years of age who are studying or have a salary below the SMI.

For this pension to be granted, not only do the beneficiaries need to meet certain requirements, but the deceased had to meet other requirements in order for the child to receive assistance.

Orphan's pension requirements

  • In the event that death was caused by a common disease:
    • You must have worked at least 500 days in the last 5 years before death.
    • And if at the time of death you were not working, you should have worked a minimum of 15 years in your entire life.
  • In the event that death was caused by an occupational disease, a common or professional accident:
    • No work period is required for this economic benefit to be granted.

Amount of the orphan's pension

The amount of the pension will be calculated based on the cause of death:

  1. Common illness or accident: First, take 24 months chosen from the last 15 years worked before death and divide by 28. A percentage will be applied to this amount.
  2. Occupational illness or accident: First, take the real salary for the year before death and divide it by twelve. A percentage will be applied to this amount.

The percentage to be applied will be 20%.

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