The widow's pension is an economic contribution given by the State to a person who needs it due to the loss of the person with whom he lived and had an affective relationship and was financially dependent on him.
The widow's pension can be temporary or life-long and this will depend on whether the surviving person in the relationship can prove the requirements of the law.
Who are the beneficiaries of this pension?
Due to the death of the person who originates the birth of this pension, it will not be the deceased who benefits but:
- Your spouse.
- Your ex-spouse.
- Your domestic partner. In this case, several circumstances must be proven:
- That the year before the couple's death, the survivor's income was less than 50% of the couple's total income.
- Certificate of coexistence, it had to be registered in the public registry.
- Certificate from a notary attesting that the couple had been together for at least two years just before death.
In order for this pension to be granted, not only do the beneficiaries need to meet certain requirements, but the deceased had to meet other requirements in order for the person who lived with him and had an emotional relationship to receive help.
Requirements to receive the widow's pension
In addition, to receive the widow's pension, the following requirements must be met:
- In the event that death was caused by a common disease:
- You must have worked at least 500 days in the last 5 years before death.
- And if at the time of death you were not working, you should have worked a minimum of 15 years in your entire life.
- In the event that death was caused by an occupational disease, a common or professional accident:
- No required work period is required for this economic benefit to be granted.
The amount of the pension will be calculated based on the cause of death:
- Common illness or accident: First, choose 24 months worked between the last 15 years before death and divide by 28. A percentage will be applied to this amount.
- Occupational illness or accident: Take the real salary for the year prior to death and divide by twelve. A percentage will be applied to this amount.
The percentage is between 70% and 52%.
The temporary widowhood pension will only be given in cases in which the beneficiary cannot prove the marriage lasting more than one year or there are no common children.
In this case, the pension will be of the same amount as the lifetime but will only last two years.