Mayan social pyramid


The Mayan social pyramid is the graphic representation that shows how society was structured during the development of the Mayan Empire, between the 9th and 17th centuries in Mesoamerica, based on the decision-making power of the different social classes.

The Mayan social pyramid shows, then, the different classes that make up a society in this period of history, as well as their classification based on the decision-making power of each social stratum.

This was present in the period between 830 and 1697, when the Spanish conquest of Mesoamerica took place. In this period, societies had estates and each of which made up the social pyramid.

A social pyramid, everything is said, that perfectly divides who has more power or rights according to the place they occupy.

Example of a Mayan social pyramid

Next, we show an image that shows a Mayan social pyramid, describing the way in which they were organized:

As can be seen, the upper part of the pyramid shows how power was concentrated in what we can consider the governor (called for these Halach Uinic). This is followed by the priests (Ah Kin Co Ob). Likewise, there is a kind of nobility and merchants (Almenehoob and ppolom), who make up a privileged class.

While, finally, the lower part concentrates all those citizens who, unlike those in the upper strata, have a "lower" social status. We refer to slaves (Yalba Uinikoob).

Estates in the Mayan Empire

As far as the estates of the Mayan Empire are concerned, we must know that there were, mainly, 5 estates:

  • Halach Uinic: He was the governor. He had all the power.
  • Ah Kin Co Ob: It was the priests, the clergy.
  • Almenehoob: A class of citizens very similar to the existing nobility in Europe.
  • Ppolom: A social class of wealthy merchants.
  • Yalba Uinikoob: They were the lowest social stratum. They had no rights and were in the service of the governor.

Characteristics of a Mayan social pyramid

Among the characteristics that a social pyramid presents during the time of the Mayan Empire, we can highlight the following:

  • It presents the social structure of a Mayan population between the years 830 and 1697, at which time the Spanish conquest of Mesoamerica took place, with the fall of the Empire.
  • They were hierarchical estate societies.
  • The Mayan social pyramid classifies the estates in descending order. That is, at the top is the class with the most power and at the bottom the one with the least power.
  • The governor came to consider himself a god.
  • They were all due to the governor as well as their gods.

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