Social pyramid of the Incas


The social pyramid of the Incas is the graphic representation that shows how society was structured during the development of the Inca Empire, between the 15th and 16th centuries in a large area of ​​territory, in western Latin America. All this, depending on the decision-making power of the different social classes.

The social pyramid of the Incas shows, then, the different classes that make up a society in this period of history, as well as their classification based on the decision-making power of each social stratum. This was present in the period between 1438 and 1535, throughout the western part of Latin America, and even the Amazon jungle.

The fact that it is a pyramid is due to the fact that it presents a hierarchical structure, since they were based on hierarchical estates societies.

This hierarchy clearly marked the difference between strata or estates. A difference that encompassed the field of rights and freedoms.

Example of social pyramid of the Incas

Next, we show an image that shows an Inca social pyramid, describing the way in which they were organized:

As can be seen, the upper part of the pyramid shows how power was concentrated in what we can consider the governor (known for these as Inca). This is followed by his son (the Auqui), as well as his family (blood nobility), led by the first generations of this (royal paracas).

Likewise, there is a kind of nobility made up of privileged groups, among which were priests, heads of towns and advisers (nobility of privilege). Later we have the rest of the citizens, the people (Hatun Runa). These are followed by teachers who were colonizing new territories, transmitting culture to the citizens of the conquered territories (mitimaes).

While, finally, the lower part concentrates all those citizens who, unlike those in the upper strata, have a "lower" social status. We refer to slaves (Yalba Uinikoob).

Estates in the Inca Empire

Regarding the estates of the Mayan Empire, we must know that there were, mainly, 8 estates:

  • The Inca: He was the governor. He had all the power.
  • El Auqui: They were the priests, the clergy.
  • Royal Panacas: First generations of the family.
  • Nobility of blood: Rest of the royal family.
  • Nobility of privilege: A class of citizens very similar to the existing nobility in Europe. Composed of priests, chiefs and advisers of the Inca.
  • Hatun Runa: The people, in general.
  • Mitimaes: People in charge of going in search of new territories to colonize, their aim being, in addition, to teach the traditions and culture in those conquered territories.
  • Yanaconas: They were the lowest social stratum. They had no rights and were at the service of the Inca and the royal family.

Characteristics of a social pyramid of the Incas

Among the characteristics that a social pyramid presents during the time of the Inca Empire, we can highlight the following:

  • It presents the social structure of an Inca population between the years 1438 and 1535, throughout the western part of Latin America, beginning with Peru, and up to the Amazon jungle.
  • They were hierarchical estate societies.
  • For its part, the order of classification is descending. This indicates that those with the most power are located at the top and those with the least power at the bottom.
  • The governor was very close to his family.
  • All were owed to the governor as well as his family.
Inca economy

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