Structural poverty, or chronic poverty, refers to a type of poverty in which there is a deficiency in the society of infrastructure and income.
Structural poverty, in its measurement, combines two criteria. On the one hand, it is based on the poverty line, while, on the other hand, it uses the Unsatisfied Basic Needs (UBN) approach.
Thus, the first imputes the condition of poor to a population unsatisfied with income to support the cost of a decent life. Meanwhile, the second describes poverty with inherent deficiencies; be it housing, nutrition, access to education, health, etc.
In contrast to this, there is temporary poverty.
Differences between structural poverty short-term poverty
Thus, there are different methods to measure poverty. In contrast to structural measurement, we have conjunctural measurement. Both serve to measure poverty in a given territory.
Therefore, while the structural measurement is based, in the first place, on imputing the condition of poor to a population unsatisfied with income in order to sustain the cost of a decent life. As well as, secondly, to describe poverty with inherent deficiencies; whether in housing, nutrition, access to education, health, etc.
The conjunctural measurement, in this sense, is based on the measurement of monetary and temporal poverty. That is, it establishes a basic food basket, as well as a total basic basket. In this way, some measurement criteria are established in which those families, or people, who do not have access to both baskets are considered poor.
Causes of structural poverty
Among the main causes that generate structural poverty, the following should be highlighted:
- Armed conflicts.
- Discrimination and social exclusion.
- Massive population growth.
- Diseases and epidemics.
- Economic inequality.
- Natural disasters.
These are some of the causes that lead a country to present structural poverty in its society.
Consequences of structural poverty
According to the United Nations (UN), poverty generates a series of consequences that deteriorate the quality of life in the territories where it occurs. Furthermore, a recent study shows the effects that structural poverty can have on society.
Thus, this type of poverty could have the following consequences:
- Lack of encouragement.
- Increasing feeling of discomfort.
- Constant perception of pessimism.
- Inability to move
This structural poverty, over time, ends up having a series of consequences that, despite not being so striking, have detrimental effects on society.