The manufacturing process is the set of tasks that are carried out to transform raw materials and turn them into manufactured products.
Manufacturing is used in industry to change either the consistency, dimension, shape, firmness, or beauty of raw materials.
Likewise, when a manufacturing process is generated, it is necessary to carry out a series of activities that range from the extraction of raw materials, which are then transformed into final products that are marketed in the market.
Evolution of the manufacturing process
The manufacturing process has gone through the following stages:
1. Hand-drawn manufacturing process
At the beginning, when the manufacturing activities began, the entire process was carried out manually. For this reason, when we talk about a manufactured product, we think of a product made by hand.
However, this manual process only managed to work when simple, low-priced products were made and when there was little demand for it.
2. Manufacturing process elaborated by hand and with machines
Subsequently, with the passage of time, the products became more complex and with more added values, for which the demand and, consequently, their price increased notably.
Undoubtedly, this led to an improvement in the manufacturing process, so now this process is done manually or with the help of machines. Above all, because it is required to produce these products in large quantities. In this way, the manufacturing process has become a process that uses technology in an innovative way.
In addition, the workers who make the manufactured products specialize in performing a specific job manually or with the use of machines. This is done in order to improve production times and to use resources more efficiently.
Consequently, the manufacturing process is being perfected more and more because experience and expertise has been accumulated within each stage. What has contributed to the reduction of production costs and that the products can be purchased at lower prices within the market.
However, the industrial revolution that began in England around 1780; and that later spread to Europe, North America and the rest of the world contributed to the modernization of manufacturing processes. Since, prior to this event, all manufacturing was done by hand.Evolution of the manufacturing process
Types of manufacturing processes
When manufacturing the products, it goes through several processes that gather and transform the raw materials. Starting with the entry of the subjects, which are gradually working and making the necessary combinations until the final product is achieved.
Manufacturing processes can be classified as follows:
1. Primary processes
Among the primary methods we can find:
- Foundry methods.
- Molding methods.
- Forming method.
- Special method.
2. Secondary processes
The secondary processes are:
- Heat treatments.
3. Tertiary processes
Of the tertiary processes we find:
- Superficial treatments.
Finally, we can conclude that the manufacturing process results from an industrial process that allows a transformation of raw materials, which by following a series of steps manages to convert them into a finished product. The manufacturing process has evolved long after the industrial revolution, making this process easier and more efficient.