Chain production is the structure or mode of manufacturing a good that involves the separation of the process into different phases or parts in which each worker performs a specific task.
Chain production is also referred to as mass production and series production. This form of organization of production was developed in a very beneficial way by Henry Ford, although it must be emphasized that the first ideas about the assembly line date back to Ransom Eli Olds automobile entrepreneur who founded his own automobile manufacturing company in 1887 where he applied his knowledge. Since already by 1901 it applied its own form in assembly line.
The decomposition of the assembly of a product into different parts or phases in a manufacturing process, allows a certain piece, element or parts of the product to be incorporated in each phase through each section that said product passes. This allows each worker to apply all his effort, skill and knowledge in a specific part of the production.
History of chain production
Serial production was brought out of hand by what is called the industrial revolution of the 19th century. Such a revolution is full of novelties such as chain production.
History reveals that by the 20th century Frederick Winslow Taylor (Taylorism) developed the first theoretical models. Later Henry Ford (Fordism) takes them, makes them more viable and puts them into practice, thus creating and developing modern mass production.
It should be noted that such a form of production is in constant use in the production of goods. At the same time, it seems to us a normal process in production processes. However, when such a form of production began to be implemented in those times it meant a tremendous revolution. Unprecedented advances within different industries.
Advantages of chain production
The chain production allowed raising the quality and production in the manufacture of the various products subjected to standardization in the process. The main advantages of chain production are:
- It is the key to those feasible standardization products.
- The standardization process is straightforward.
- It allows saving time in production.
- Allows cost reduction.
- Production tends to increase.
Disadvantages of chain production
There are some points pointed out as disadvantageous that this way of carrying out the production implies. Thus, the advantages of chain production are given below:
- A change in the product can imply the total renovation of an entire production line.
- The investment required in machinery or robot can be high.
- Workers could be unmotivated to carry out the same task for a long time.
- A failure in the production chain can cause the stoppage of all production.
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