Forest resources


Forest resources are those elements that come from forests and can be used to satisfy some human need.

That is, this type of resource is obtained from the jungle. Thus, they can be consumed directly (as in the case of fruits) or they can go through a production process to obtain some derivative, as is the case with wood.

Forest resources are a type of natural resource, since they exist in the ecosystem without having been created by humans, and they can be of the renewable type if they are cultivated in a sustainable way. This, because forests can grow back. However, we must take into account that an indiscriminate exploitation of forests can cause a great ecological impact.

In this sense, we must remember that forests are a source not only of oxygen for the planet (absorbing carbon dioxide at the same time), but that they are also home to a great diversity of animal and plant species that could be threatened by deforestation.

On this issue, it is also important to note that agriculture and livestock (particularly extensive livestock) require large areas. So, to carry out these activities, sometimes we proceed with the burning of forests, for example, in the Amazon.

But it is also important to see the counterpart. Around the world there are efforts for reforestation, even accompanied by the cultivation of agricultural products. For example, some coffee growers are planting pine and coffee trees together. Thus, the former give the latter a natural shade that favors their development.

Types of forest resources

There are mainly two types of forest resources

  • Timber: It is the product obtained from tree trunks.
  • Non-timber: These are elements other than wood that can satisfy some human need. We refer to the fruits of the trees (which could be consumed as food), the leaves, the fauna, the roots, the plant extracts, among others. Another example of this type is also the biomass found in forests. This corresponds to organic waste that can be used as fuel after proper processing.

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