Diplomatic relations


Diplomatic relations are those relations that States establish with each other. These relationships are maintained through a series of missions, based on a series of common goals and interests.

Diplomatic relations are always official relations between States. These relationships are established between the different States, based on a series of common interests. These relations are maintained through permanent missions, establishing diplomatic agents in those countries where a relationship is established. These types of relations between states try to promote integration and cooperation between countries.

In this sense, diplomatic relations are a fundamental component in economic globalization.

Thus, diplomatic relations entail the legal representation of the State before the central authorities of the receiving State.

Types of diplomatic relations

Diplomatic relations are established for a specific purpose. These relationships try to foster cooperation in indicated aspects, on which to work together.

Thus, depending on how many countries reach an agreement, the relationships can be:

  • Bilateral relations: When it comes to two countries.
  • Multilateral relations: When more than two countries come into play.

On the other hand, based on the purpose of the agreement, we can classify the relationships as:

  • Commercial.
  • Economical.
  • Cultural
  • Scientific.
  • Cooperative relationships.

Although there are more types, those cited here refer to the most frequent and visible diplomatic relations between countries.

The diplomatic agent

As a consequence of diplomatic relations, there is a figure called a diplomatic agent. The diplomatic agent is an official who sends a State to another State, in order to develop relations between the two.

Thus, the functions of the diplomatic agent in a country are:

  • Promote relations between the two countries.
  • Exercise consular functions.
  • Protect the interests of the State in said host country.
  • Protect citizens who have emigrated to the host country.

Thus, there are other functions that said diplomatic agent can perform, although these are very exceptionally:

  • Representing the interests of a third State before the receiving State.
  • Represent a State that lacks representation in the receiving State.

Thus, the functions of the diplomatic agent to promote relations are based on the following actions:

  • Negotiate and direct the negotiations with the host State.
  • Inform your State constantly.
  • Represent the State from which said diplomatic agent comes.

Difference between diplomatic relations and international relations

Many may consider diplomatic relations as if they were international relations. However, there is a main nuance that makes an international relationship diplomatic or not, since these depend on who is the figure that promotes said relationship.

In this sense, with international relations we refer to any relationship that goes beyond the border and is established with someone, or something, from abroad. However, including in this type of relationship private relationships, such as those maintained by companies.

While, on the other hand, diplomatic relations are diplomatic in that they are driven by the States. In other words, two or more States participate and establish this relationship.

Thus, diplomatic and international relations find their main difference in which figure or institution promotes said relationship.

Diplomatic relations with international organizations

In addition to the relations that States have with each other, there are a number of other diplomatic relations. Another series of diplomatic relations among which we can highlight relations with international organizations. Some international organizations that, after their appearance, as with the State, maintain agreements with other States as if it were one more.

Like diplomatic relations with States, those maintained with international organizations also require the presence of a diplomatic agent on a permanent mission. In turn, this mission is established by all the countries adhered to this international organization.

Thus, the main international organizations with which relations are maintained are the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the United Nations (UN), as well as other entities such as the World Bank.

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