Tourism sector


The tourism sector, or tourism, is an economic sector in the economy of a territory. This refers to the sector that includes all companies related to tourism. That is to say, hotel, transport and restaurant companies.

The tourism sector is one of the sectors that makes up the world economy. This refers to the sector that includes all those companies that, directly or indirectly, are related to tourism. Within this sector are all those hospitality, catering, transport companies, as well as any activity that may be related to the world of tourism.

The tourism sector is one of the most important sectors for our economy. Not only for its growth, but for the contributions it makes to the planet and development. Thanks to the professionalization of this sector, economic growth has been able to develop over the years. Let us remember that the tourism sector encompasses those companies that, throughout history, made it possible to generate all trade routes between countries.

It is also one of the sectors that, as we said, has experienced the greatest growth throughout history. To give an example, while in 1990, the number of international travelers was in the half million people, in 2019, this number multiplied in such a way that it reached 1,400 million people. As we can see, a growth that ended up consolidating the sector as one of the strategic sectors for many economies.

Subsectors of the tourism sector

The tourism sector, like other sectors, has a list of subsectors that make it up and make it so varied. These subsectors include a large number of companies that, in one way or another, are directly or indirectly related to the world of tourism.

Within these subsectors we can identify the following:

  • Transportation: Classified into three types. Air, sea and land transport. It is one of the largest subsectors of the tourism sector and is made up of travel agencies and tour operators.
  • Hospitality: Another large subsector within the tourism sector. This includes companies related to tourist stays. Such as hotels, pensions, apartments, holiday towns, campsites, as well as everything related to the tourist's stay.
  • Catering: A subsector closely linked to the hospitality subsector. The catering subsector includes all companies related to food and gastronomy. Among the companies that make it up are bars, restaurants, cafes, etc.
  • Insurance and travel assistance: Insurers sell their products with coverage for those tourists who need it. Not just on an individual level, but many products include it. For example, when we travel by public transport we may also be paying for travel insurance.
  • Events, exhibitions and congresses: Large fairs would fit into this type. That is, large halls or congregations in which sectors or products are exhibited. Thus there are great events in relation to the automotive, technology or videogames sector.

Additionally, we could include any other company whose activity is related to tourism. For example, tourist guides, activities for visitors or professional training or personnel hired for other issues such as security that are necessary for the celebration of certain events.

Types of tourism in the tourism sector

Depending on the purpose for which the trip is made, within the tourism sector there are a large number of types of tourism. These are classified according to the type of trip that is contracted and the purpose for which it is carried out.

Therefore, among the types of tourism we can highlight the following:

  • Health tourism: For health purposes.
  • Sex tourism: For the purpose of sexual practice.
  • Electronic tourism: Based on the acquisition of cheaper electronic products.
  • Selfie tourism: For the purpose of sharing the images in iconic places on social networks.
  • Family tourism: A type of tourism in which the aim is to enjoy with the family.
  • Nuclear tourism: Where the end is the visit to places that have been devastated by nuclear catastrophes.
  • Space tourism: A type of tourism that takes place in space, crossing the borders of the earth.
  • Scientific tourism: A type of tourism motivated by science and study.
  • Business tourism: The type of tourism that is carried out for the purpose of doing business.
  • Active tourism: tourism that takes place in natural spaces.
  • Natural tourism: Very similar to active tourism. Only this integrates more types of ecological tourism, such as rural tourism.
  • Cultural tourism: Tourism based on visiting museums and monuments, as well as everything related to the study and development of culture.
  • Mass tourism: That which is done en masse. An example is sun and beach tourism.
  • Individual tourism: That which is contracted by the individual, without the need for operators and agencies.

Effects of the tourism sector in the world

The tourism sector is one of the sectors with the greatest contribution to the planet and its citizens. And it is that, it is one of the few sectors that has a contribution in different fields. As we will see below, the tourism sector can identify its contributions depending on the perspective from which it is viewed.

The tourism sector has a direct effect from the three perspectives that we see below:

  • Cultural effects: Well, we are talking about a sector that does not stop connecting people of different cultures with each other, as well as promoting the transfer of all cultures in the total citizenship that makes up the planet.
  • Economic effects: We are talking about one of the sectors with the greatest contribution to the economy. It is a sector that generates a lot of employment, as well as a great flow of income to shops, restaurants and all kinds of consumer goods and services in an economy.
  • Sociopolitical effects: As an economic sector, it promotes the control of the public sector over it. This therefore has an effect on politics and society. An example of this are taxes on tourism.

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