Industrial society refers to societies that have a modern social structure. These societies were born with the Industrial Revolution, after the industrialization of the West, which ended in the 20th century.
Industrial societies, therefore, are societies based on a modern social structure. These societies develop in Western countries, after the Industrial Revolution. Due to the great transformation that this industrialization entailed, pre-industrial societies came to be called industrial or industrialized societies.
Industrial society is subsequently followed by post-industrial society. In turn, this is preceded by pre-industrial society.
This industrial society, therefore, is the one that characterizes the western economies during the Industrial Revolution.
Characteristics of industrial society
Among the characteristics that define an industrial society, the following should be highlighted:
- Appearance of factories and developed machines.
- Productivity-enhancing innovations are produced.
- It aims to maximize production, organizing work in factories and automating said work.
- Labor relations are configured in a free market.
- The division of labor grows.
- There is greater specialization in companies.
Origin of the term
The term has its origin in the 18th century, after the outbreak of the Industrial Revolution in the West.
In the first place, this term was very present in Great Britain, due to the fact that it was the first industrial society. However, later, with the advance of industrialization and its expansion in other countries, this concept began to be used in the United States, as well as many other already industrialized countries.
These industrial societies, therefore, coexisted between the 18th and 20th centuries. In turn, giving way to post-industrial societies.
Advantages and disadvantages of industrial companies
Although said society has more advantages than disadvantages, it is worth highlighting the two sides of the coin to assess this concept objectively.
For this reason, the main advantages and disadvantages of industrial companies are set out below.
Among these advantages, it is worth highlighting:
- They were more advanced societies.
- Mechanization allowed the least wear and tear.
- Mortality decreased.
- Productivity grew remarkably.
- With her, they did the wages.
- Increase the division of labor and specialization.
- Production is efficiently organized in companies.
- Factories appear as organized work centers.
- Globalization and trade were promoted.
Among those drawbacks, it is worth highlighting:
- The use of fossil fuels soared, seriously damaging the planet and sustainable development.
- They were societies that did not take care of labor rights, in the beginning.
- The European demographic decline begins.
- It generated greater inequality at the global level.
Other types of companies
As we said, this type of society is preceded by the pre-industrial society, while the post-industrial one follows. However, there are many other types of society that show other forms of organization.
Among these, it is worth highlighting:
- Feudal society.
- Pre-industrial society.
- Post-industrial society.
- Knowledge society.
- Society of Information.
Examples of industrial society
In this sense, the best example of industrial society is the case of Great Britain in the 18th century.
This economy, because it was the first to implement industrialization, is also the forerunner in the study of this type of society.