Technocracy is an ideological, scientific and rational positioning, applicable in fields such as the government system and politics, as well as the management of the Economy.
The concept means "government of the technicians." This comes, semantically, from the Greek words tékhnē (art, technique) and krátos (power, dominion, government).
Technocracy bases its nature on the use of a scientific method, when addressing issues related to politics, society and economic management. In this sense, the empirical and demonstrable explanation of the problems and issues inherent to these areas must be based on quantifiable results and rational measurements. All this, instead of being based on subjective or ideological aspects.Bureaucracy
A technocratic political system will be characterized especially, according to its basic premises, by having professionals and technicians correctly trained academically. These will be in charge of carrying out the tasks of the administration and management of the State. The technocrat by definition is a specialist in economics, demography, urban planning, industry or public management, among other areas. And he uses his knowledge and experience in managing public affairs.
This means that any policy undertaken or related legislation must be built on technical foundations or criteria. Any anticipated or unforeseen situation in the day-to-day administration of the administration must be treated from a scientific and not an ideological prism. This collides head-on with other government systems more focused on the transmission of ideologies, such as highly religious or confessional countries or totalitarian states clinging to political ideologies (as is the case of dictatorships).
In this regard, technocracy is especially associated with capitalist thought and the free market. Well, it defends the role of the prepared and technical entrepreneur as a recommendable figure in management and organization tasks. Always, in front of other profiles more focused on philosophy, culture or intellectuality.
Currently, the most common is that they are groups of consultants specialized in different fields. They accompany and participate in the political and economic decisions made by the political power.
Positive aspects of technocracy
- Technocrats have, de facto, power over most policies, by advising rulers.
- A technocratic system helps avoid phenomena such as populism or demagoguery.
Negative aspects of technocracy
- Democracy is imperfect, but giving special prominence to some over others for educational or economic reasons would cause an unequal and socially unjust system.
- The scientific method sometimes does not provide a single solution for a problem or conflict, or the solution found may be detrimental to a social minority or to the individual. It is often necessary to have certain subjective values in the management of a country.
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