Types of tributes


The types of taxes are those payments that the State requires from its citizens, the purpose being the payment of the activities that it carries out or of economic policies.

In this sense, the types of taxes are the different charges that the State applies to citizens, depending on the activity to which it is applied, or the reason why they are applied.

Depending on this, the types of taxes can be classified as follows:

  • Taxes.
  • Fees.
  • Public prices.
  • Contribution.

Types of tributes

Among the types of taxes that exist, the following are shown:


They are taxes that are required without an established consideration. This is, without the taxpayer knowing what the resources will be spent on.

The tax base of the taxes, that is, to which the tax is applied, are the activities that demonstrate the ability to pay of a taxpayer. In this sense, activities such as business, income, consumption, etc.

Among the most common are the income tax (IRPF), consumption tax (VAT) or special tobacco taxes.


A fee is the payment that an individual makes to use or avail himself of a public service. In this sense, the best example is the fees charged for the homologation of degrees in universities.

Public prices

Public prices are the payment that an individual must make to acquire a public product or service.

The main difference that this presents with the rates is that, in this case, there is a private alternative for the consumer.


The contribution is a tax levied on the benefits obtained or the appreciation of the value of the assets of a taxpayer as a result of the performance of public works or the creation or expansion of public services.

To get an idea, for example, it usually occurs when a road or a subway station is built. When this happens, the value of the nearby land increases, in such a way that this event can give rise to the demand of a tribute.

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