Types of poverty


The types of poverty are the different ways in which it can manifest itself based on different measurements or metrics.

Poverty has become one of the main problems to be fought by the main organizations at the global level, as well as by the different government institutions.

In this sense, due to its drastic consequences, as well as the burden it poses for development, many are the organizations that constantly allocate resources to combat this situation in those places that are most affected by poverty.

However, not all places have the same type of poverty. In this line, the same measurement is not used to measure poverty in all territories of the planet and in a uniform way. Therefore, there are different types of measurements, as well as poverty, that occur on the planet.

Among the different types of poverty that exist, we have selected the most important, depending on the conditions, which we define in the following article.

Types of poverty

As we were saying, based on a series of characteristics, we can classify poverty into one type or another.

In this sense, we proceed to develop the different types of poverty that, based on their characteristics, are present in the world.

Generic concept

Social poverty: Social poverty refers to the fact that poverty, regardless of the type of poverty it is, is a situation or a social condition of the population in which it occurs.

Poverty shows the inability of certain members of society to access certain resources. In this sense, it is a social condition due to the fact that we are referring to a society, as well as the place that people occupy in it. Therefore, social poverty refers to the poverty that exists in a given society, being subsequently measured by the existing types of poverty.

Depending on the measurement used

  • Absolute poverty: It is defined as poverty that is below a minimum threshold of resources established, based on uniform criteria.
  • Relative poverty: Relative poverty is defined as poverty that is below a relative poverty threshold.
  • Structural poverty: Structural poverty, or chronic poverty, refers to a type of poverty in which there is a deficiency in the society of infrastructure and income.
  • Short-term poverty: Short-term poverty, in this sense, is that poverty that bases its measurement on the measurement of monetary poverty and a period of time.

Depending on the geographic area

  • Rural poverty: Rural poverty is a type of poverty that occurs with great frequency in a large number of countries. It is especially present in those countries that, for different reasons, have less industrial development.
  • Urban poverty: Urban poverty is the type of poverty that occurs in cities (urban areas). This occurs due to the growth of cities, which encompasses rural territories and suburban areas with lower levels of income.

Depending on who, and how, it affects

  • Extreme poverty: Extreme poverty is known as the condition in which a family finds itself that presents a series of deficiencies that prevent it from participating in all the social activities of the community.
  • Child poverty: Child poverty is named for the fact that it refers to the poverty that affects a part of the group of boys and girls. Child poverty is considered until the child reaches 16 years of age; age at which you can enter the labor market.
  • Material poverty: Material poverty is a type of poverty that occurs when the people who suffer it do not have access to a series of material elements. In this sense, elements such as schooling, income, literacy, employment, among others.

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