The court is that place where several magistrates administer justice. This, developing legal procedures that should normally conclude in the issuance of a decision or sentence.

In other words, a court is the physical space where a conflict between two parties is concluded. These can be natural or legal persons, or even the State. Thus, it may be that the Government itself, through its representatives (who are usually prosecutors), initiate an accusation against a citizen who has committed, for example, a very serious crime and that has been made public, so that the individual represents a threat to society.

The difference with the court is that the people who are in charge of administering justice in the court are judges with at least several years of experience (three in the case of Spain), who have been appointed to practice in a specific court.

In this sense, the courts are made up of a single judge who administers justice and the courts are made up of several magistrates (several judges with sufficient experience for that position).

However, we can say that the court, like the court, is an entity through which the Judicial Power is exercised. This is one of the three powers of the State (in addition to the Executive and Legislative) and its function, in general, is to enforce the law and mediate conflicts.

Court types

Courts can be classified under different criteria.

According to its form of constitution, we have:

  • Ordinary: They work on matters under their jurisdiction, whatever their nature or their participants.
  • Specials: They are constituted to deal with specific issues or the resolution of a particular case.
  • Referees: They are directed not by judges, but by referees. These are individuals to whom two opposing parties entrust the resolution of their conflict. This, by mutual agreement of those involved, who decide not to resort to the Judiciary, but to resolve their differences in the private sphere.

Likewise, according to its competence we can distinguish:

  • Of common or mixed competence: They answer on all kinds of matter. For example, corporate law, cases of crimes committed by minors, common crimes, etc.
  • Specials: They are in charge of specific subjects, excluding the others.

On the other hand, due to its operating phase, we find:

  • Instruction: It is in charge of the preparatory acts for a trial.
  • Sentencer: They pass sentence on a fact.

It is worth mentioning that there are also courts of honor, which are those in charge of resolving disciplinary matters within an institution, for example, the army.

Difference between court and court

The difference between court and court is that the first is a collegiate entity, made up of several judges, while the second can be sole proprietorship.

Likewise, the courts are usually higher-ranking bodies than the courts. That is, they deal with matters that have sometimes been appealed in lower instances.

Examples of courts

Some examples of important courts are:

  • Constitutional Court: It is the entity in charge of ensuring compliance with the Constitution and is its highest interpreter. It is normally the organ with the highest hierarchy within the Judicial Power.
  • Court of Accounts: It is an external control body recognized in the Spanish Constitution, which has the function of the supreme body overseeing the accounts and economic management of the public sector.
  • European Court of Human Rights: It is a supranational body that seeks to guarantee respect for the human rights of all European citizens.

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