Vegetarianism is a form of diet that is made up of fruits, vegetables, seeds, and herbs.

The name by which people with this form of diet are known is vegetarian, who exclude from their diet the consumption of animal origin such as meat and fish.

Reasons for vegetarianism

There are several reasons why people choose this eating habit, among which are:

  • Moral basis, since they prefer the welfare of animals.
  • Health, because many doctors recommend reducing the amount of food with red meat. To combat diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, obesity, heart disease, among others.
  • Environmental sustainability, due to the pollution caused by the emission of greenhouse gases emitted by livestock, as well as the deforestation that is required to have large areas of land for grazing and water.

Types of vegetarianism

Among the types of vegetarianism we have:

  • Vegan: all people are excluded from their intake of all types of meat (from birds, mammals, fish, dairy shellfish, eggs and their derivatives, as well as honey.
  • Lactovo vegetarian: exclude the consumption of any type of meat, however if you consume eggs, dairy products and their derivatives.
  • Lacto vegetarian: It does not consume any product of animal origin except dairy products and their derivatives.
  • Frutarian: Consume fruits and nuts, in whose harvest process they do not require killing the plant from which the fruit is obtained.
  • Pescetarian: His diet is like the vegan and adds the consumption of fish.
  • Raw food: Eat raw food. For example, vegetables, seeds, fruits, and legumes.

Advantages of vegetarianism

Among the advantages of vegetarianism we can mention the following:

  • Decrease in meat consumption affects less pollution by greenhouse gases produced by livestock.
  • Avoid confinement and poor quality of life for farm and barnyard animals.
  • Lower intake of fat of animal origin that reduces a deterioration in health and with it less public medical attention and absenteeism from work.
  • Development of an industry that meets the needs of vegetarians.

Disadvantages of vegetarianism

The diet based mainly on the consumption of vegetables, lacks proteins and vitamins that come from meat products. That is why doctors recommend balancing the diet and even ingesting supplement tablets and / or food supplements.

A significant increase in vegetarianism would affect economic growth in countries whose meat production represents a significant percentage of their gross domestic product (GDP). For these countries, livestock production has even been supported with subsidies.

If the vegan diet replaced the rest of the types of eating habits, the industry would disappear and rural communities dedicated to agricultural production would possibly migrate to the cities in search of another way of life. This is due to the reduction in the consumption of products of animal origin, with the consequent social and economic imbalance.

Challenges of vegetarianism

In order to avoid the negative effects of a significant increase in vegetarianism, the food industry based on animal products would have to diversify.

And on the other hand, the change in the eating habits of people who wish to be vegetarians would first have to go through a gradual process (flexitarians, that is, they are flexible and consume less products of animal origin) so that it allows reconfiguring the production process of the industry. world food at this time, to become a vegan.

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